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    Mayor, Susan (April 19, 2003). 15 Projects that provide free content exist in several areas of interest, such as software, academic literature, general literature, music, images, video, and engineering. Certain copyright and license restrictions). Open design principles can be applied in engineering and technological applications, with projects in mobile telephony, small-scale manufacture, 21 the automotive industry, 22 23 and even agricultural areas. Hendry, Andrew (March 4, 2008). A public domain work is a work whose author has either relinquished to the public, or no longer can claim control over, the distribution and usage of the work. "Open access - rcuk Policy and revised guidance".

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    Legal matters edit Copyright edit Main article: Copyright Copyright is a legal concept, which gives the author or creator of a work legal control over the duplication and public performance of his or her work. Pawlak, Michel; Bryce, Ciarán; Laurière, Stéphane (May 29, 2008). In a democratic country, each law-document is published as open media content, is in principle a free content; but in general there are no explicit license attributed for each law-document, so the license must be interpreted, is a implied license. "nhmrc Partnership Projects Funding Policy" (PDF). Engineering and technology edit Free content principles have been translated into fields such as engineering, where designs and engineering knowledge can be readily shared and duplicated, in order to reduce overheads associated with project development. "Gutenberg:No Cost or Freedom?". Publication of such resources may be either by a formal institution-wide program, 40 or alternately via informal content provided by individual academics or departments.

    have explicit licenses in its law-documents, as the UK's Open Government Licence (a CC-BY compatible license). Andrew, Theo (October 30, 2003). 20 In general, project hosting and code distribution is not a problem for the most of free projects as a number of providers offer them these services free. Rapid fabrication technologies underpin these developments, which allow end users of technology to be able to construct devices from pre-existing blueprints, using software and manufacturing hardware to convert information into physical objects. Linksvayer, Mike (February 20, 2008). Retrieved July 12, 2009. 16 Repositories exist which exclusively feature free material and provide content such as photographs, clip art, music, 17 and literature. "Response from the University of California to the Public statement from Nature Publishing Group regarding subscription renewals at the California Digital Library" (PDF). Examples of law-document open repositories: LexML Brazil, N-Lex of EU countries.




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    "RepRap: An open-source 3D printer for the masses". "Approved for Free Cultural Works". The Sydney Morning Herald. As distribution resources are simultaneously provided by consumers, these software distribution models are scalable, that is the method is feasible regardless of the number of consumers. N 6519 (April 2008). 6 For such free/open content both movements recommend the same three Creative Commons licenses, the CC BY, CC BY-SA, and CC0. Information Systems for Biotechnology (ISB). Unlike the copyright symbol, the copyleft symbol does not have a codified meaning.

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    Traditional copyright control limits the use of the work of the author to those who either pay royalties to the author for usage of the authors content, or limit their use to fair use. Alma Swan; Sheridan Brown (May 2005). Prior to 1998, Free Software referred either to the Free Software Foundation (and the watchful, micromanaging eye of Stallman) or to one of thousands of different commercial, avocational, or university-research projects, processes, licenses, and ideologies that had a variety of names: sourceware. "Open source and copyleft. Unlike works in the public domain, the author still maintains copyright over the material, however the author has granted a non-exclusive license to any person to distribute, and often modify, the work. Projects to provide free literature and multimedia content have become increasingly prominent owing to the ease of dissemination of materials that is associated with the development of computer technology.

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    Porno filmer eskorte sarpsborg Org "This essential meaning matches that of "open" with respect to software as in the Open Source Definition and is synonymous with "free" or "libre" as in the Free Software Definition and Definition of Free Cultural Works." licenses. This has led to disputes between publishers and some universities over subscription costs, such as the one which occurred between the University of California and the Nature Publishing Group. 38 39 For teaching purposes, some universities, including MIT, provide freely available course content, such as lecture notes, video resources and tutorials. Retrieved May 23, 2009.
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    Massasje for kontanter realistiske silikon dukker "The Practice of Free and Open Source Software Processes" (PDF). Org (December porno hub triana iglesias sex video 27th, 2013) Open Definition.0 released by Timothy Vollmer on creativecommons. Org (October 7th, 2014) a b c "Costs and business models in scientific research publishing: A report commissioned by the Wellcome Trust" (PDF).
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